Driving a car well can make a big difference to your pocketbook.
On the one hand, it is possible to reduce fuel consumption. Furthermore, the mechanics are kept in better condition, prolonging the useful life of the vehicle.
You already know that at carsnews4u, we want all drivers to be able to get the most out of their cars, so we’re going to tell you 10 of our best efficient driving tips.
Half of these recommendations are techniques for driving a car in a more profitable and safe way. The other half refer to aspects of maintenance and use of the equipment, which affect the performance of your vehicle.
# 1 Starting and starting the march
Unlike decades ago, modern vehicles do not require warm-up prior to starting. As soon as the engine has started, the first gear can be engaged and the drive started.
In the specific case of diesel engine vehicles, it may be necessary to wait 1 or 2 seconds. All you have to do is watch the car’s warning panel to confirm that there is no warning light on.
On the other hand, many of today’s vehicles incorporate the Start & Stop system, conceived to save fuel in the city.
# 2 Engine speed and gear shifting for efficient driving
The gear used determines not only the power that the engine transfers to the drive axle of your car, but also the fuel consumed.
Low gears should only be used at the start of a journey or when road conditions require high engine power.
In all other cases, driving in high gears is usually the most efficient.
However, it should be noted that diesel and gasoline engines do not function the same.
- In the case of diesel propulsion, it is recommended to change gears between 1,500 and 2,000 rpm. Under no circumstances should the engine be subjected to a speed higher than 3,500 rpm.
- When it comes to gasoline propulsion, it is recommended that the gear change takes place between 2,000 and 2,500 rpm.
That said, keep in mind that improper gear shifting will not only not save fuel, it can contribute to an accident.
# 3 Speed control
By far the main factor that determines fuel consumption is the speed at which you drive.
This is because air resistance increases exponentially as the vehicle increases its speed.
As a general rule, it is recommended to drive at a speed not exceeding 100 kilometers per hour because, from that point, fuel consumption skyrockets.
# 4 Zero consumption with gear engaged
One of the easiest economic driving tips to apply is to take advantage of the fact that the new electronic control units restrict fuel injection when the vehicle is traveling at more than 20 kilometers per hour with a gear engaged, and without pressing the accelerator! Of course!
# 5 Driving cars in advance
Anticipation is one of the top safe driving tips.
Basically, it consists of paying attention to the road conditions beyond the vehicle in front of us, and adopting a perspective of several hundred meters.
In this way, it is possible to anticipate the need to reduce speed or stop the car as a result of a crossing, a traffic light, a curve, the density of traffic, the stop of a vehicle or the presence of an obstacle on the road.
Rather than using the brake for the last few meters, driving ahead lets you take your foot off the gas pedal and let air resistance and engine slow down.
# 6 Circulation adapted to the green wave
The green wave diagram is an initiative adopted in many cities, according to which traffic lights are synchronized to allow vehicles to move smoothly and respecting speed limits.
This means that if you move with your car within the established limits – avoiding accelerations and sudden changes in speed – you will be able to travel the same distance more efficiently.
# 7 Monitoring of tire pressure and condition
Tire pressure and condition have a direct impact on your car’s grip on the road.
That affects both its braking and cornering ability, as well as fuel consumption.
# 8 Correct use of air conditioning
The use of the air conditioning system can have some impact on the energy consumption of your vehicle. However, it is quite inferior to what is popularly believed.
On the contrary, dispensing with its use despite the fact that the conditions of the cabin are not ideal can help reduce your comfort and, above all, attention on the road. What’s more, driving at high speeds and with the windows down can increase fuel consumption, as well as decrease your attention span and driving ability.
That is why we recommend that you use the air conditioning when you need it.
On the other hand, and contrary to what you might think, the heating system does not consume practically any energy.
# 9 Weight and load control of the car
The overloading of a vehicle, as well as the incorrect placement of luggage in the trunk or passenger compartment have a direct impact on safety and fuel consumption.
Unfortunately, according to a study published by Goodyear Dunlop, about 35% of Spanish drivers do not know how to properly place their luggage in their car.
If you want to make sure you are not part of that statistic and circulate safely, read these articles:
# 10 Improved aerodynamics
Finally, we cannot forget that the aerodynamics of the car affects consumption and driving.
- The installation of spoilers can improve the grip of the car, but also increase fuel consumption.
- The use of roof racks or luggage covers implies the inclusion of a new element of aerodynamic resistance that also has repercussions on driving.